If you've done a workout of any kind, you are most likely acquainted with post-workout muscle soreness, aches and pains. Sometimes though, if you've been working out for a while, muscle soreness may feel like a long-forgotten memory.
Caitlin Miller, senior content editor for PopSugar, works out so often that she was surprised one day by muscle soreness. She explains that she had taken a break from her usual running routine, and when she resumed it, she felt sore the next day. This left her feeling "discouraged and down." She then learned that even seasoned athletes will find themselves sore if they start a new activity or "jump back into an old one."
So, why does this happen? Live Science explains that those post-workout aches and pains are called DOMS — a.k.a. delayed onset muscle soreness. DOMS only shows up when you do exercises your body isn't used to, usually between 24-47 hours after your workout. DOMS isn't bad. In fact, it means that you are causing healthy change in your muscles. According to the American College of Sports Medicine (ACMS), muscle contraction during exercise causes "microscopic damage to muscle fibers."
DOMS is likely the only instance in which muscle damage is actually a good thing — once you've had just one bout of soreness, it produces "a partial protective effect that reduces the chance of developing soreness in that same activity for weeks or months into the future." Dr. Michael Jonesco says that DOMS does not mean you have done something wrong, rather, "it indicates you've stretched your body to the point that you've caused some muscle changes." And when you're trying to build muscle, change means progress.
According to the CDC, there is one instance in which soreness is not good, which includes muscle aches that "are more severe than expected," dark urine, or weakness and tiredness that keeps you from completing everyday tasks. This is called rhabdomyolysis, and the CDC says to seek treatment if you suspect you have it. PT Daniel Giordiano explains that the reason this condition is so dangerous is that it could lead to kidney damage.
Though DOMS is not bad, there are ways to reduce your post-workout pain.
Keep reading for four easy steps you can take to minimize the soreness and recover faster.
Sleep, Sleep, Sleep
Get A Massage
One of the soreness-relief steps the ACMS recommends taking is getting a massage. According to Harvard Health Publishing, "therapeutic massage may relieve pain by way of several mechanisms, including relaxing painful muscles, tendons, and joints."
Can't afford a massage? Try one of these options.
Foam rolling is a "self-myofascial release (SMR) technique" that "can help relieve muscle tightness, soreness, and inflammation," Healthline states. The article suggests trying different types of rollers — smooth or textured, massage sticks or foam balls — to find one that feels right for you. GQ also suggests starting lightly and gradually "increasing the amount of weight you're putting on the roller."
Whichever method you choose to relieve DOMS, don't be hesitant to get up and move and stretch — or even do a light workout — when you're sore. Giordano says that doing so "can improve blood flow and circulation."
Once you've allowed those muscles enough time to recover, you can get back to working out, knowing that what you are doing is indeed making a difference.